Last Steps to Freedom

Last Steps to Freedom: The Evolution of Canadian Racism

Last Steps to Freedom jacket

Canada hardly seems the place of race riots, segregated schools, racially-based unions, mass deportations, state-sanctioned discrimination and attempted cultural genocide – but it is. Through much of its history racism has coursed through the veins of Canada’s political and economic culture. Respected prime ministers such as Macdonald, Borden and Mackenzie-King have approved and Canadians supported policies and actions that were cruelly racist.

The Last Steps to Freedom tells the story of Canada’s legacy through the experiences of Chinese, Ukrainian, Jewish, Japanese, Black and Native Canadians. Figures mysteriously absent from our collective mystery such as Viola Desmond, Big Bear, Ivan Pylipiw and others are celebrated. The book asks Canadians to look truthfully at our past, admit our mistakes, atone for our crimes and celebrate our progress.

Last Steps to Freedom: The Evolution of Canadian Racism was published in 1995 by J. Gordon Shillingford Publishing. It was updated and reprinted in 1998 and reprinted again in 2000, 2008 and 2012.

The book is available at and at

“Excellent.” – Canadian Forum.

“A highly readable and engaging account.” – Canadian Book Review Annual

Please visit your local book store, if you can find one, or go online to:

7 thoughts on “Last Steps to Freedom

  1. This book is an excellent research resource and teaching tool. I have built a course around it on diversity and racism in the Canadian context at Algonquin College.
    I highly recommend it!


    • no llegas nunca a los sesenta años de edad y en servicio. Es matemática, el tope máximo de edad para el ingreso es de 30 años, el que ingresa al lìmite de la edad cumple 60 años el mismo año que 30 de servicio, como dijo el turco menem “ESTO ES UN ENGAÑA PIN;GCAA&#8221H. encima piensan que uno es estúpido y no sabe sumar y restar


  2. Hahaa, ehkäpä myös Juha Leinivaara on salmua-slimi! Päteväthän jokseenkin kaikki väitteet myös häneen! Ehkäpä meissä kaikissa asuu pieni muslimi. Salaliitto!


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